Alzheimers Disease - Dementia and Related Testing

Introduction to Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer’s is the most common type of degenerative dementia. The affects on daily and quality of life are devastating. Alzheimer’s is caused by a build up of proteins and amyloid plaques that literally destroy the brain cells that store memory. Estimates show that 60-80% of elderly adults with chronic dementia have Alzheimer’s disease. The grieving process of Alzheimer’s is unique because the affected loved one is physically alive, but otherwise is already lost.

In 2010, the first wave of baby boomers reached age 65. Estimates predict that by 2029, 70 million people will be over the age of 65 in the United States. World wide, epidemiological studies reveal that 26 million people currently have Alzheimer’s disease. During the next four decades, this number is expected to quadruple -meaning that 1 in 85 people will have Alzheimer’s disease.

The financial burden of Alzheimer’s disease is estimated to be a staggering 150 billion a year in the United States alone. Medicare spends three times as much on Alzheimer’s compared to other diseases and estimates show that 50% of all nursing home costs are related to dementia.

Is There a Blood Test for Alzheimer's Disease?

To date, there is not a specific test for Alzheimer's disease that can prove someone has Alzheimer's disease. A diagnosis is made through a complete assessment by a qualified health care provider. While there is no single test that can diagnose Alzheimer's disease, certain tests such as thyroid testing, Vitamin B12 and urine testing (other tests to consider below) maybe used to rule out known causes of dementia other than Alzheimer's Disease. Along with the standard testing used to look at metabolic imbalances that may affect cognitive abilities, MyLabsForLife offers a review of other factors such as infection, hormone testing and environmental toxins that may cause mental wellness challenges. MyLabsForLife is not just about obtaining on line lab testing, we also hope you find the information related to health and wellness helpful.

Common Imbalances and Predisposing Factors Associated with Alzheimer’s:

Poor quality sleep – not enough sleep and sleep that is not refreshing or physiologically restorative – poor quality sleep interferes with the bodies ability to maintain sufficient levels of the neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin.
Unpredictable & Unmanaged Stress – always on high constant alert & not coping with stress in a positive manner causes an increase in many inflammatory markers– Making the time for mediation, music, time with friends and family and exercise and body work such as Feldenkrais can help decrease health threatening inflammatory markers.
Sedentary Lifestyle – lack of exercise leading to elevated inflammatory markers and a decrease in brain protective markers.
Diet/Nutrition – Processed Foods, High Fat Content, GMO Foods


Factors That May Disrupt Cognitive Function:

Elevated Inflammatory Markers: CRP, Homocystine, BDNF, Alpha Kappa B, BNP
Endocrine Imbalances – Insulin Resistance, HA1c, Diabetes, Cholesterol Imbalance
Non Restorative Sleep – Elevated Cortisol Levels
Hormone Imbalances – Thyroid, Estrogen, Testosterone, DHEA-s
Poor Diet & Nutrient Deficiencies – Vit D, Vit C, B6, B12, Niacin
Medications Associate with Cognitive Decline -  anticholinergics, anticonvulsants, tricyclic antidepressants, benzodiazepines, beta-blockers, buspirone to name a few. (Definition of Drug-Induced Cognitive Impairment in the Elderly. Medscape. Jun 14, 2000).
Head Injury/ Traumatic Brain Injury
PTSD
Endocrine Disrupters & Toxins: PCB, Mercury, Lead to name a few
Urinary Tract Infections

Why Perform Tests Associated with Optimal Brain Function?

There is a "dysfunctional myth' out there that sounds like this: 
"Alzheimer’s is in my family; there is nothing I can do about it anyway"

The "Truth" is:
Your genes are not your destiny. You can choose to take proactive measures to improve over all health and wellbeing that may deter the potential onset of Alzheimer’s cognitive decline. Inflammation is an extreme threat to brain health. Knowing your inflammatory markers such as homocysteine and a C-Reactive Protein (CRP-c) in conjunction with modifying diet and lifestyle to decrease those markers supports brain health. Choosing a 'take charge' approach to health and can decrease inflammation throughout your entire body and add to overall health and wellbeing as well as improving quality of life.

“Whether you think you can or you think you can’t, either way you are right” Henry Ford


We Think You "CAN" 
We Know You "CAN"

Comprehensive List of Tests Associated with Threats to Brain Health and Function

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  • Aluminum (Blood)

    This blood test measures Aluminum levels. Aluminum is a common element in the earth's crust and is found in small amounts in many household and personal care products. There are concerns that aluminum exposure from either diet or the environment may be related to Alzheimer's disease. To date, research has yet to prove that aluminum is a causative agent in Alzheimer's disease. However, research has documented that aluminum does accumulate in higher amounts in the brain tissue of people with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, as well as Parkinson's disease.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    Fasting is not required.


    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    6021
    Cost: 
    $78.00
  • Ammonia (Blood)

    This blood test is also known as Blood Ammonia; Blood. Ammonia is a by-product of normal protein metabolism and is also created by bacteria such as H.Pylori (Research estimates half of the worlds population is infected with H.Pylori) in the stomach, as well as other bacteria in the intestines. High levels of blood ammonia can harm vital organs, most notably the brain. Ammonia is a waste product that is usually transported to the liver where ammonia is converted to urea through a sequence of reactions known as the urea cycle. One of these processes is the detoxification of ammonia in the blood. When the liver is damaged, the detoxification process is disrupted and ammonia levels can elevate to toxic levels. Elevated levels of ammonia have been found in those who suffer with urinary tract infections and in liver disorders. Because ammonia is one of the most common endogenous (made naturally in the body) neurotoxic compounds, it has been considered to be one of the toxic factors that may contribute to the symptoms and progression of Alzheimer's disease. Besides neurotoxic effects, elevated ammonia levels may cause confusion, drowsiness, tremors and may induce vomiting.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    It is best to be fasting for approximately 9-12 hours prior to lab collection (without food or liquids except water).

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    5509
    Cost: 
    $42.00
  • Arsenic (Blood)

    This blood test is used to measure Arsenic levels. Arsenic is a common cause of acute poisoning through heavy metals. Arsenic enters the environment through the smelting of copper, zinc and lead and is released through the manufacturing of certain chemicals. Pesticides that contain arsenic, when manufactured, release arsine gas. Arsenic has been found in water supplies around the world, which has the potential to leach into seafood. Arsenic is found in rat poisoning, fungicides and products used to protect wood. Arsenic toxicity affects the blood, kidneys, skin, digestive tract and central nervous system.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    Fasting not required.


    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    269
    Cost: 
    $78.00
  • Basic Food Sensitivity and Allergy (IgG) Panel

    Certain proteins in foods may cause an immune response, commonly known as an allergy or intolerance. An immune response may occur right away or have a more insidious onset before damage of the exposure becomes evident. Allergic responses cause elevation inflammatory markers we can measure. Through different pathways, these immune responses cause an increase in inflammation in the part of the body that is affected. Immune responses may manifest as chronic fatigue, headaches, joint pain, gut problems such as irritable bowel, celiac, thyroid dysfunction, depression and mood disorders. Allergic responses also instigate an imbalance in blood sugar and insulin levels. As we know, a chronic elevation in blood sugar is a dangerous threat to brain health. If someone with immune responses to certain foods is continually exposed to these food proteins, these food proteins become a toxin and a vicious cycle of inflammatory destruction becomes self-generating. Over time, sugar cravings continue to increase and so does the multitude of dysfunction initiated by the inflammatory process. When it comes to promoting brain health, this information maybe very helpful indeed.

    This test is used to detect allergen specific IgG antibodies to 8 common foods known to instigate an immune response: Wheat, Gluten, Milk (Cow), Eggs (Whole), Soy, Almond, Peanut and Corn.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    No fasting required.

    Test code: 
    Basic Food Sensitivity and Allergy (IgG) Panel
    Cost: 
    $140.00
  • Cadmium (Blood)

    This blood test is used to monitor exposure to cadmium. Cadmium is an extremely toxic metal frequently found in industrial places of work. Cigarettes are also a significant source of cadmium exposure. Cadmium may be found in batteries, fertilizers, pesticides, PVC plastics and certain shellfish. Those who work with cadmium pigments are also at risk for cadmium exposure. Cadmium toxicity affects the liver, placenta, lungs, brain, kidneys and bones, which may lead to problems such as fatigue, confusion, depression and cardiac arrhythmias.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning and shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.

    Test code: 
    299
    Cost: 
    $78.00
  • Candida Antigen / Antibody Profie

    This blood test is used to detect antigens and antibodies (IgG, IgM, IgA) to Candida Albicans.

    Candida normally occurs in the mouth, vagina, or gastrointestinal tract. Candida can become quite problematic if there is an overgrowth of yeast in comparison to healthy gut flora. Antibiotics promote the growth of yeast by destroying both good and bad bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract without deterring the growth of Candida albicans. Without balanced numbers of friendly bacteria such as Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacteria in the gastrointestinal tract, an environment exists that Candida albicans will thrive in. When this occurs, the body's immune system becomes overwhelmed, not only by the overwhelming presence of Candida, but also by the toxic by-products that Candida produces. Candida albicans puts out approximately 79 toxic by-products, all of which weaken the immune system. One of the major toxins produced from Candida albicans is acetaldehyde (neurotoxin), which is transformed by the liver to ethanol (alcohol), causing a feeling of intoxication and brain fog. Over time, the taxed immune system continues to weaken from the presence of yeast overgrowth and its toxic by-products, more symptoms of infection occur, and the potential to receive more antibiotics contributes to a vicious cycle that threatens health and well-being. If the yeast overgrowth is not identified and arrested, it has the potential to transform into an even more threatening pathogen whose roots burrow into the intestinal lining creating what is known as Leaky Gut Syndrome, where the yeast/fungus enter the blood stream. The overuse of antibiotics in the United States has contributed to the increase of Candida overgrowth seen in the population. Other contributors to Candida overgrowth are steroids, birth control pills, chronic stress, and a diet of refined and processed foods. Candida causes infections such as thrush, and is frequently an issue for people who have difficulty controlling their blood sugar (diabetes) and may be life threatening to those who have weakened immune systems. Symptoms of Candida overgrowth may include irritable bowel symptoms, low energy, mood swings and or foggy thinking. If left undetected and unmanaged, yeast overgrowth will result is chronic progressive disease.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    No fasting required.


    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    30440
    Cost: 
    $199.00
  • Ceruloplasmin

    This blood test measures Ceruloplasmin levels. Copper is an essential mineral that is absorbed through the intestine and transported to the liver where it may be stored, used in iron metabolism or used to synthesize needed enzymes. About 95% of the copper in the blood is bound to ceruloplasmin. Elevated ceruloplasmin levels have been associated with inflammatory processes such as Alzheimer's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, angina, severe infection and schizophrenia. Certain medications such as oral contraceptives may cause an elevation in ceruloplasmin.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    No fasting required.


    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.

    Test code: 
    326
    Cost: 
    $30.00
  • Chlamydia Pneunomonia (C.Pneumonia) Panel

    This blood tests looks for three antibodies that would indicate exposure to Chlamydia pneumonia (C. Pneumonia) IgA, IgG & IgM. This test is not the test with a similar name that is associated with sexually transmitted disease. Strong evidence indicates chronic exposure to silent infections that target brain tissue and cranial nerves may potentiate the development and progression of Alzheimer's disease. Years of existing research have identified Chlamydia pneumonia as a known bacterium associated with acute respiratory infections, coronary artery disease and ischemic strokes. Research has shown the presence of C.Pneumonia in almost 90% of brains of people affected with Alzheimer's disease, while 95% of people without Alzheimer's disease tested negative for C.Pneumonia. To date, numerous studies indicate chronic silent infections may potentiate or hasten the advance of Alzheimer's disease.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    No fasting required.


    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    37111
    Cost: 
    $325.00
  • Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10)

    Coenzyme Q10 is also known as Ubiquinone. This blood test is used to measure blood levels of CoQ10. CoQ10 is critical for the basic functioning in all cells and specifically to cardiac tissue due to the high-energy demands of cardiac cells. CoQ10's primary role is to protect and nurture mitochondria the principal energy source of the cell. CoQ10 molecules play a critical role in supporting the transport of electrons between enzymes that produce energy within cells. Research has shown that CoQ10 is an extremely powerful antioxidant and helps support the nervous system. Medical studies have shown there is a relationship between low levels of CoQ10 and disease processes such as Parkinson's disease, diabetes, gum disease, hypertension, cancer and muscular dystrophy. Factors related to CoQ10 deficiency include poor diet, thyroid dysfunction, the aging process and antidepressants. Statins sold in Canada carry a warning label on them stating that CoQ10 depletion may lead to impaired cardiac function in patients with known heart failure.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    No fasting required.


    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    19826
    Cost: 
    $98.00
  • Copper

    This blood test is used to measure copper levels. Adequate levels of copper are critical for the production of neurotransmitters, energy, myelin, bone and connective tissue production, immune function and the production of blood. Similar to iron, copper's unique ability to transfer electrons makes it a critical component for many metabolic pathways. Copper levels must be maintained within a narrow range for optimal function. We know that there are elevated levels of copper in the brain tissue in people with Alzheimer's disease. Elevated copper levels also contribute to the retinal degeneration and cerebellar degeneration that leads to cognitive dysfunction. Elevated copper levels have been shown to lead to some cancers and heart disease. Elevated levels also inhibit Thyroid Releasing Hormone at the hypothalamus and in the case of Wilson's Syndrome, build up in the liver preventing conversion of T4 to the active thyroid hormone, T3. Common sources of copper exposure are copper piping, copper cooking utensils and supplements.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    No fasting required.


    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    363
    Cost: 
    $58.00
  • Cortisol - AM

    This blood test is used to evaluate cortisol levels upon waking. Cortisol is a very potent glucocorticoid hormone that is released from the adrenal cortex. We need this hormone in order to have a healthy immune system, to metabolize carbohydrates, proteins and fat, and to help regulate healthy serum glucose levels. Cortisol levels are tested to see how you are handling stress. Elevated levels of cortisol have a profound effect on an individuals energy levels; disease resistance and general sense of well-being. Chronic stress interferes with healthy levels of cortisol, weight control and more importantly, normal sleep patterns. When cortisol is elevated, the immune system is taxed and one's sense of well-being is compromised. One of the biggest threats of elevated cortisol levels is the disruption of healthy sleep patterns. When stress levels increase and remain elevated over time, the combination of increased cortisol levels and disruptive sleep patterns may be the most threatening combination for increasing the risk of Alzheimer's diseases. According to the American Stress Institute, stress is America's number one health crisis, straining the economy more than $300 billion annually. Normal cortisol levels rise and fall during the day. This is called a diurnal variation. Functional levels of this hormone are the highest between 6-8 A.M. and they drop to their lowest levels around midnight. If someone wakes up groggy and feels unrested, their cortisol levels may be opposite, meaning there is an imbalance between the adrenal glands and the brain and the natural production of all hormones may be affected. As we age, so do levels of cortisol. As cortisol increases, weight increases as well.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    Levels should be drawn at 8 A.M. (Shortly upon waking). Biotin should be held for at least 8 hours prior to obtaining this lab.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    4212
    Cost: 
    $38.00
  • Cortisol PM

    This blood test is used to evaluate cortisol levels approximately 6-8 hours after waking. Cortisol is a very potent glucocorticoid hormone that is released from the adrenal cortex. We need this hormone in order to have a healthy immune system, to metabolize carbohydrates, proteins and fat, and to help regulate healthy serum glucose levels. Cortisol levels are tested to see how you are handling stress. Elevated levels of cortisol have a profound effect on an individuals energy levels; disease resistance and general sense of well-being. Chronic stress interferes with healthy levels of cortisol, weight control and more importantly, normal sleep patterns. When cortisol is elevated, the immune system is taxed and one's sense of well-being is compromised. One of the biggest threats of elevated cortisol levels is the disruption of healthy sleep patterns. When stress levels increase and remain elevated over time, the combination of increased cortisol levels and disruptive sleep patterns may be the most threatening combination for increasing the risk of Alzheimer's diseases. According to the American Stress Institute, stress is America's number one health crisis, straining the economy more than $300 billion annually. Normal cortisol levels rise and fall during the day. This is called a diurnal variation. Functional levels of this hormone are the highest between 6-8 A.M. and they drop to their lowest levels around midnight. If someone wakes up groggy and feels unrested, their cortisol levels may be opposite, meaning there is an imbalance between the adrenal glands and the brain and the natural production of all hormones may be affected. As we age, so do levels of cortisol. As cortisol increases, weight increases as well.


    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    Levels should be drawn at 8 A.M. & 4 P.M. Biotin should be held for at least 8 hours prior to obtaining this lab.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    4213
    Cost: 
    $38.00
  • Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA-s)

    This blood test measures Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) levels. DHEA a natural steroidal hormone made in the adrenal glands, gonads and in the brain. DHEA is a precursor hormone to cortisol, testosterone and estrogen and is the most plentiful steroid hormone in the body. DHEA supports overall growth & development, immune function, memory, cardiovascular support and plays a supportive role in maintaining bone density in post-menopausal women. Levels of DHEA are depleted in both men and women under chronic stress. Levels of DHEA also decline during the aging process. Low levels of DHEA are associated with insomnia, cancer and autoimmune diseases such as diabetes and lupus. Research has shown that DHEA can help raise levels of the powerful neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). BDNF is a powerful neurotrophin, a specialized protein the supports the development, function and survival of neurons.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    No fasting required.


    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal.
    Test code: 
    402
    Cost: 
    $60.00
  • DUTCH Complete-Precision Analytical Hormone Test Kit


    The DUTCH test, which uses dried urine, is the simplest, most elegant and informative test for anyone considering bioidentical hormone therapy, or suspects they might have a hormone problem or they are wanting to check overall hormone status. The DUTCH test has proven to be of great clinical utility for testing sex and adrenal hormones (as well as their metabolites), as it gives you insight into many other conditions that under the guidance and care of your health care provider, are worthy of further investigation.  Purchase or Learn More Here

    Inflammation can be instigated via an internal or external environmental insult of some type related to genetic predispositions and/or susceptibilities in the individual in concert with epigenetics. It is also understood that inflammation is frequently found in tandem with dysregulation of metabolism and overall organ system dysfunction.

    Inflammation shares an inverse relationship to cortisol; cortisol plays an anti-inflammatory role and when levels in local tissues and serum are low, inflammation increases. We know that cortisol levels increase in local tissues as a response to local inflammation and therefore urine free cortisol, and metabolized cortisol may be elevated when inflammation is present.

    The DUTCH test can help you look for indications that inflammation may be an area of concern and worthy of further evaluation and management by your health care provider. For example, increased aromatization in the conversion of testosterone to estrogens is associated with inflammation along with low DHEA-s levels, low testosterone, elevated 5-alpha reductase activity, and elevated 4-OH-E1.

    The experts at Precision Analytical are excited to announce the addition of a new biomarker, 8-Hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG).
    According to Precision Analytical’s Medical Director Dr. Carrie Jones, “The 8-OHdG is a marker for DNA damage in the body. Along with chronic stress, degenerative diseases and cancer can greatly affect your hormones such as estrogen and cortisol. This new marker gives you even greater insight at a cellular level! As the disease state worsens, the 8-OHdG level goes up. Thankfully, there are proactive — and likely preventative — things you can do to improve the healing process while checking your progress along the way.”

    The test is done four times in a day, and the strips are then used to give you a complete hormone panel, including metabolites, effectively replacing multiple testing methods.

    DESCRIPTION:

    The DUTCH Test is a comprehensive analysis of sex and adrenal hormones. This profile includes the DUTCH Adrenal and Sex Hormone Metabolite as well as an overnight melatonin measurement. The collection is 5 easy-to-collect dried urine samples collected on filter paper devices and is mailed back directly to the company for processing.

    This test includes:

    Free cortisol (4), free cortisone (4), creatinine (4), tetrahyrdocortisone, a-tetrahydrocortisol, b-tetrahydrocortisol, DHEAs, Progesterone metabolites (a-pregnanediol, b-pregnanediol), androgen metabolites (DHEAS, etiocholanolone, androsterone, testosterone, 5a-DHT, 5a-androstanediol, 5b-androstanediol, epi-testosterone), estrogen metabolites (estrone, estradiol, estriol, 2-OH-estrone, 4-OH-estrone, 16-OH-estrone, 2-Methoxy-estrone, 2-OH-estradiol), 6-OH-melatonin-sulfate and 8-hydroxy-2-Deoxyguanosine.

    Collection and Shipping Instructions:
    • Fasting is not required. 
    • Specimen: Urine, dried
    • All orders will be processed and shipped directly to the consumer for Mylabsforlife within 48 business hours
    • Results: 10-14 Business Days
    • All lab results will be sent from MyLabsForLife directly to the consumer via secure email



    Test code: 
    DUTCH Complete Hormone Test (Urine)
    Cost: 
    $370.00
  • Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) Antibody Panel

    This blood test includes Epstein-Barr Virus VCA Antibody (IgM), Epstein-Barr Virus VCA Antibody (IgG), Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigen (EBNA) Antibody (IgG). This test is used to help diagnose and differentiate an acute or a reactivated infection of the herpes simplex virus, Epstein-Barr. Epstein-Barr is one of the most common viruses affecting humans. It is the cause of classic infectious mononucleosis and is implicated in numerous disease processes. There is growing evidence suggesting that infection with the Epstein-Barr virus is associated with a higher risk of certain autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematous, rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. Antibodies to herpes viruses such as Epstein-Barr have been found in people with Alzheimer's disease. It has been suggested that even though Epstein Barr is not directly responsible for Alzheimer's disease, it may exacerbate the effects of other herpes viruses such as Herpes Simplex-1(common cause of cold sores), which has been directly correlated with the onset of Alzheimer's disease.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    No fasting required.


    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    6421
    Cost: 
    $69.00
  • Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (Sed Rate) (ESR)

    An Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) is also known as a Sedimentation Rate (sed rate). An ESR is a blood test used to look for inflammation and tissue destruction. An elevated ESR is considered non-specific meaning it is not used for a specific diagnosis, but may indicate the presence of an underlying inflammatory process. This may be why an ESR is frequently done in combination with other testing. An ESR will be elevated with an acute infection or some type of physical trauma. An ESR is frequently elevated in inflammatory processes such as infections and in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and in cancer. Remember, research is mounting describing Alzheimer's disease as an inflammatory process. There are many pathways leading to an increase in inflammation.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    No fasting required.


    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal.
    Test code: 
    809
    Cost: 
    $22.00
  • Estradiol (E2)

    This blood test is used to measure Estradiol (E2). Estrogen's role in supporting health and well-being is as significant as it is diverse. Estradiol is the predominant sex hormone present in women and is also found at lower levels in men. Estradiol not only impacts reproductive and sexual functioning, but also affects mood, attention and language skills. Evidence is mounting suggesting that estrogen exposure reduces the risk and slows the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease. Recent research has documented that estrogen decreases the inflammatory responses associated with dementia and other neurological disorders. The brain protects itself by producing neuroprotective estradiol in response to threatening inflammatory processes that injure brain tissues. Endocrine disruptors such as heavy metals and environmental toxins, processed foods and chronic stress may contribute to an imbalance of the natural production of estrogen. Estradiol is also extremely instrumental in maintaining the integrity of skin, bone, heart and metabolic health. In men, high levels of estradiol are associated with abdominal fat, enlargement of the prostate and cardiovascular risk. For women, when evaluating hormone status, it is important to compare the relationship between estradiol and progesterone. Men should evaluate the relationship between testosterone and estradiol.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. Do not take supplements on the day of the test. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    4021
    Cost: 
    $48.00
  • Estradiol (E2) Sensitive

    This blood test is used to measure Estradiol (E2). Estrogen's role in supporting health and well-being is as significant as it is diverse. Estradiol is the predominant sex hormone present in women and is also found at lower levels in men. Estradiol not only impacts reproductive and sexual functioning, but also affects mood, attention and language skills. Evidence is mounting suggesting that estrogen exposure reduces the risk and slows the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease. Recent research has documented that estrogen decreases the inflammatory responses associated with dementia and other neurological disorders. The brain protects itself by producing neuroprotective estradiol in response to threatening inflammatory processes that injure brain tissues. Endocrine disruptors such as heavy metals and environmental toxins, processed foods and chronic stress may contribute to an imbalance of the natural production of estrogen. Estradiol is also extremely instrumental in maintaining the integrity of skin, bone, heart and metabolic health. In men, high levels of estradiol are associated with abdominal fat, enlargement of the prostate and cardiovascular risk. For women, when evaluating hormone status, it is important to compare the relationship between estradiol and progesterone. Men should evaluate the relationship between testosterone and estradiol.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. Do not take supplements on the day of the test. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    30289
    Cost: 
    $64.00
  • Estriol (E3)

    This blood test is used to measure Estriol (E3) levels. Estriol is the major estrogen in the pregnant female and is produced by the placenta. Estriol helps to thicken and humidify mucous membranes in the vagina, bladder and eyes, making them more resilient against infections. Estriol plays an important role in supporting the immune system and has neuroprotective properties. Estriol increases the ability of white blood cells to destroy viruses, bacteria and cancer cells. Estrogen's role in supporting health and well-being is as significant as it is diverse. Endocrine disruptors such as heavy metals and environmental toxins, processed foods and chronic stress may contribute to an imbalance of the natural production of estrogen, to include estriol.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal.
    Test code: 
    34883
    Cost: 
    $42.00
  • Estrogens, Total

    This blood test is used to measure total circulating estrogens. The three major naturally occurring estrogens are present in significant quantities in blood. They are estradiol (E2), estrone (E1) and estriol (E3). Because estradiol and estrone fluctuate during a woman’s cycle and menopause, some providers prefer this test when evaluating estrogen levels. Estrogen’s role in supporting health and well-being is as significant as it is diverse. To name a few, estrogen affects emotions moods, attention and language skills. Evidence is mounting suggesting that estrogen exposure reduces the risk and slows the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease. Recent research has documented that estrogen decreases the inflammatory responses associated with dementia and other neurological disorders. The brain protects itself by producing neuroprotective estradiol in response to threatening inflammatory processes that injure brain tissues. Endocrine disruptors such as heavy metals and environmental toxins, processed foods and chronic stress may contribute to an imbalance of the natural production of estrogen.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. Do not take supplements on the day of the test. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    439
    Cost: 
    $48.00
  • Estrone (E1)

    This blood test measures Estrone (E1). Estrone (E1) is one of the three naturally produced Estrogens. Estrone is the least abundant of the three and is relevant to health and disease because it is considered the strongest acting estrogen. In post-menopausal women, estrone is produced by the adrenal's instead of the ovaries and is the dominant estrogen. Estrone is significant to health and wellness because of its conversion to estrone sulfate, which acts as a reservoir that can be converted to estradiol when needed. Estrogens role in supporting health and well-being is as significant as it is diverse. To name a few, estrogen affects emotions moods, attention and language skills. Evidence is mounting suggesting that estrogen exposure reduces the risk and slows the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease. Recent research has documented that estrogen decreases the inflammatory responses associated with dementia and other neurological disorders. The brain protects itself by producing neuroprotective estradiol in response to threatening inflammatory processes that injure brain tissues. Endocrine disruptors such as heavy metals and environmental toxins, processed foods and chronic stress may contribute to an imbalance of the natural production of estrogen. In post-menopausal women, the balance of all estrogens is crucial to support health and wellness. Abnormally high levels of estrone have been associated with cardiovascular disease, stroke and certain types of cancer.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal.
    Test code: 
    23244
    Cost: 
    $64.00
  • Ferritin

    This blood test measures ferritin levels in the blood. Ferritin is a protein produced in the liver for the storage of iron. Ferritin is used to evaluate iron stores in the body. Ferritin helps identify iron deficiency anemia and may be a better indicator of iron deficiency anemia than hemoglobin. Ferritin levels increase with increases in inflammatory markers such as C-Reactive Protein (CRP) and Interleukin (IL-10). Iron plays an essential role in supporting and maintaining healthy brain tissue. Conversely, iron can also play a toxic role by exacerbating damage to brain tissue as seen in stroke or trauma. In neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, elevated levels of iron have been found in areas of the brain that are affected by these neurodegenerative diseases.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    457
    Cost: 
    $38.00
  • Folate (Folic Acid) Vitamin B9

    This blood test measures folate levels within blood. Folate is categorized as a B vitamin. Folate is needed for the synthesis of DNA in rapidly dividing cells. Symptoms associated with folate deficiency may include mental confusion, forgetfulness, cognitive decline, depression, irritability, diarrhea, macrocytic anemia with weakness or shortness of breath, peripheral neuropathy, sore or swollen tongue, peptic or mouth ulcers, headaches and heart palpitations. Low levels of folate can also lead to elevated levels of homocysteine. DNA synthesis and repair may be impaired and this could lead to the development of a potential cancer. Folic acid levels may be elevated when Vitamin B 12 is low, since Vitamin B 12 is needed in order for folate to enter the cells.


    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    466
    Cost: 
    $36.00
  • Folate, RBC

    This blood test measures folate levels within the red blood cells. Folic acid is categorized as a B vitamin. Folic acid is needed for the synthesis of DNA in rapidly dividing cells. Symptoms associated with folate deficiency may include mental confusion, forgetfulness, cognitive decline, depression, irritability, diarrhea, macrocytic anemia with weakness or shortness of breath, peripheral neuropathy, sore or swollen tongue, peptic or mouth ulcers, headaches and heart palpitations. Low levels of folate can also lead to elevated levels of homocysteine. DNA synthesis and repair may be impaired and this could lead to the development of a potential cancer. Folic acid levels may be elevated when Vitamin B 12 is low, since Vitamin B 12 is needed in order for folic acid to enter the cells.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    467
    Cost: 
    $48.00
  • Glutathione

    This blood test measures Glutathione levels. Glutathione is a tripeptide made of glycine, glutamate and cysteine. Glutathione is the most abundant and important intracellular antioxidant (prevents oxidative damage). Glutathione is extremely important in excreting xenobiotics (not naturally produced in the body) compounds. Low levels of glutathione have been reported in cardiovascular disease, arthritis, cancer, autism and reduced production of the neurotransmitter dopamine, as well as in debilitating neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. Low levels of glutathione are also associated with chronic exposure to toxic elements (mercury, lead, arsenic, cadmium, manganese, iron), chemicals, and some drugs.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    90379
    Cost: 
    $138.00
  • Heavy Metals Panel (Blood)

    The term "heavy metal" is used as a broad term for all metals and semimetals with potential for human or environmental toxicity. Lead, mercury and arsenic are the most common examples of toxic metal exposure. Clinical research continues to demonstrate the key intervention to limiting the progression or reversing Alzheimer's diseases is a comprehensive approach. Minimizing risk factors (Red Flags) is essential for the prevention of Alzheimer's disease. Even though an association between Alzheimer's and heavy metals and other toxins has not been confirmed, evidence continues to grow demonstrating elevated levels of heavy metals and toxins in the brain may contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease. Research has demonstrated that Alzheimer's patients consistently have elevated levels of copper in the brain. 

    Long term exposure to a heavy metal can be a slow and insidious process. Disorders related to heavy metals and toxins may result in various physical, muscular and neurological damages. Exposure may be through diet, medications, dental procedures (amalgams contains mercury) and possible exposure through medical procedures such as joint replacements. According to the International Occupational Safety and Health Information Center, long-term exposure to heavy metals may even lead to cancer.

    • Lead is the main cause of childhood heavy metal poisoning so it is important to consider the environment
      you grew up in. Historically lead was found in paint, pipes and drains in older homes. Today, lead can also be
      found in plumbing, fuel additives, ammunition, PVC plastics and x-ray shielding. Toxicity affects the bones,
      kidneys and thyroid.
    • Arsenic is a common cause of acute poisoning through heavy metals. It enters the environment through
      smelting of copper, zinc and lead. It is released through the manufacturing of certain chemicals. Pesticides
      that contain arsenic, when manufactured, release arsine gas. Arsenic has been found in water supplies
      around the world, which has the potential to leach into seafood. Arsenic is found in rat poisoning, fungicides
      and products used to protect wood. Toxicity affects the blood, kidneys, skin, the digestive and central
      nervous systems.
    • Mercury is found in mining operations and the paper industry. Atmospheric mercury is found in rain and in
      the aquatic food supplies and fish in lakes. Mercury compounds are banned, but some old paints may contain
      it. Childhood vaccines can contain mercury, and it is also found in thermometers and dental amalgams. It
      generally enters the body through inhalation. Toxicity targets the brain and kidneys.
    • Creatinine levels  undiluted, whereas low amounts of creatinine in the urine indicate either a manipulated test or low individual baseline creatinine levels.
    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    Please avoid seafood and red wine for 72 prior to having this lab collected.
    If possible, it is best to have these labs collected early in the morning. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    7655
    Cost: 
    $185.00
  • Helocobacter Pylori (H.Pylori) Breath Test

    This breath test is used to measure Helicobacter Pylori (H.Pylori) antibodies. This test is used to measure Helicobacter Pylori (H.Pylori) antibodies. Helicobacter Pylori (H.Pylori) is gram-negative bacteria found in the stomach. Research has estimated that approximately half the world's population is infected by H.Pylori, making it the most prevalent infection in the world. Over 80% of people infected with H.Pylori will not realize they have it because they will not have symptoms. H.Pylori is known to be a major cause of peptic ulcer disease and is very common, especially in developing countries. Bacteria and viruses are powerful stimulators of the inflammatory process. Research continues to demonstrate a strong link between infective processes (like H.Pylori) and Alzheimer's disease. In May 2008, a special issue of The Journal of Alzheimer's Disease explored the topic of infectious disease as a causative factor for Alzheimer's disease.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    14839
    Cost: 
    $120.00
  • Hemoglobin (Hbg) A1c

    A Hemoglobin A1c is a blood test that measures the average amount of glucose that has chemically attached to red blood cells over the past 6-8 weeks. Think of it this way. Sugar is sticky. When sugar sticks to certain proteins inside the hemoglobin, it naturally hangs around for a longer period of time because it is harder to get it off the hemoglobin. Red blood cells circulate in the body for about three months before they die. A Hemoglobin A1c shows an average of how much sugar has been around for the preceding three months. This information is extremely important because research has proven the longer an individual is exposed to elevated blood sugars over an extended period of time, the higher the risk is for developing problems such as Alzheimer's disease. An elevated hemoglobin A1c is also a threat to eye, nerve and heart health.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    496
    Cost: 
    $38.00
  • Homocysteine

    This fasting blood test measures Homocysteine. Homocysteine a marker used to measure inflammation. Elevated homocysteine levels are associated with Alzheimer's disease and chronic illness. Research has shown a direct link with elevated homocysteine levels and damage to the hippocampus, the area of the brain that plays a crucial role in memory formation. It is well documented that elevated levels of homocysteine may be related to a deficiency of three necessary B Complex Vitamins B6, Folic Acid & B12. This deficiency inhibits the body's ability to process dietary protein. The typical American diet is filled with nutrient deficient foods. Taking B vitamins may not lower homocysteine levels, however they play a critical role in balancing homocysteine levels.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    It is best to be rested and fasting for approximately 9-12 hours prior to lab collection (without food or liquids except water) in order to establish a baseline value.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    31789
    Cost: 
    $55.00
  • Infectious Disease Markers Associated with Alzheimer's Disease

    Strong evidence indicates chronic exposure to infections that reside in brain tissue and cranial nerves may potentiate the development and progression of Alzheimer's disease. Please note, the tests in this panel are not the same bacterial and viral antibodies that are found in the sexually transmitted diseases with similar names. This panel includes two tests that indicate long-term exposure to: Herpes Simplex-1 (HSV-1) IgG and Chlamydia pneumoniae (C. pneumoniae) Panel (IgG/IgA/IgM).

    Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV-1) does not cause Alzheimer's disease however, research indicates it may be a risk factor for developing Alzheimer's disease by stimulating inflammation in the areas of the brain that are vulnerable to Alzheimer's Disease when combined with other risk factors. Years of existing research have identified Chlamydia pneumonia is a known bacterium associated with acute respiratory infections, coronary artery disease and ischemic strokes. Major insurance companies have now added C.Pneumonia to their list of yearly wellness screening tests. This type of screening identifies existing problems for insurance companies purposes. Research has shown the presence of C.Pneumonia in almost 90% of brains of people affected with Alzheimer's disease, while 95% of people without Alzheimer's disease tested negative for the C. Pneumonia. More research is needed. To date, research is indicating that certain infections may potentiate or hasten the advance of Alzheimer's disease. This information may help identify and reduce the threat of infection associated with Alzheimer's disease.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    Infectious Disease Markers Associated with Alzheim
    Cost: 
    $178.00
  • Iron (Fe)

    This blood test measures Iron levels. Iron is an essential nutrient needed in small amounts to help develop healthy red blood cells (RBC) and is found in all living organisms. Iron is a critical component of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that binds oxygen in the lungs and releases it as blood travels throughout the rest of the body. The human body closely controls iron uptake. Heavy metal toxicity, lack of iron containing foods and genetic defects may disrupt or impair the synthesis of iron in the body. Common symptoms associated with low iron levels are fatigue, depression, impaired learning, cognitive decline, poor memory, irritability, poor coordination, difficulty swallowing, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, joint pain, leg cramps, sores on the skin, poor wound healing, hair loss, headaches, burning tongue, numbness and tingling, and chronic bladder infections, to name a few.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    571
    Cost: 
    $28.00
  • Iron and Total Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC)

    This blood test measures Iron and Total Iron-Binding Capacity (TIBC) levels. The total amount of iron bound to transferrin is known as Total Iron-Binding Capacity (TIBC). The body makes transferrin in relationship to the need for iron. Total Iron Binding Capacity is an approximate estimation of the serum transferrin level. Iron plays a principle role in producing red blood cells and is transported in the blood as transferrin, a major transport protein. TIBC is low with iron deficiency anemia and high with anemia of chronic disease. TIBC is also used to help confirm a diagnoses of iron overload, also known as hemochromatosis.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    7573
    Cost: 
    $38.00
  • Lipids

    This fasting blood test measures lipid (or blood fats) levels. Contrary to cholesterol's negative reputation, our bodies cannot function without it. Cholesterol is needed to produce Vitamin D, steroid hormones and bile acids. Cholesterol is needed to produce brain cells. Low levels of cholesterol are linked to depression, aggression and global amnesia because nerve conduction and transmission is affected. Cholesterol is needed to support memory function. Cholesterol supports the immune system by working to neutralize toxins that are produced when bacteria invade the blood stream from the gut. Cholesterol helps fight infections. Problems with cholesterol begin when the body is unable to process cholesterol properly and the body's antioxidants are unable to guard the body against the oxidation of cholesterol. When oxidized cholesterol is left unchecked by the body's immune system, disease processes such as atherosclerosis can wreak havoc on our vessel walls.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    It is best to be fasting for approximately 9-12 hours prior to lab collection (without food or liquids except water).

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    7600
    Cost: 
    $32.00
  • Lyme Disease & Western Blot

    This blood test is used to identify antibodies specific for B. burgdorferi proteins. This test provides both IgM and IgG Western blot results. It is important to understand the sensitivity of a Western blot assay by itself is not sufficient to assess Lyme infection adequately. Both Enzyme Immunoassay (EIA) and Western blot tests should be performed.

    Lyme disease (LD) is a corkscrew shaped bacterial infection caused by the spirochete known as Borrelia. Lyme Disease knows no borders and is a major health problem worldwide. In 2007, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that reported Lyme disease cases in the US had more than doubled since the CDC began recording cases in 1991. In 2010, the CDC reported 94% of Lyme disease cases were reported from 12 states: Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia & Wisconsin. Lyme disease has exceeded AIDS as one of the fastest growing infectious epidemics in our nation, with a cost to society measured at approximately $1 billion annually. In the United States, Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) is an extremely complex bacterium believed to be carried by deer ticks. Research has shown that less than 50% of children and adults with reported cases of Lyme disease exhibit the classic Bulls Eye rash. The lack of the appearance of this rash is one of the major reasons why so many cases of LD escape detection. Research has documented that Lyme Disease can be transferred by mosquitoes, fleas, animal bites, body fluids (breast milk, urine & semen) and through the placenta. Left undetected and untreated, the spirochete can travel through the bloodstream and establish itself in multiple tissues throughout the body, most notably the skin, joints, heart and the central and peripheral nervous system which is most often the most debilitating. Severity of the disease is based on individual response and disease progression. Many people with Lyme disease have been diagnosed with other illnesses before receiving the correct diagnosis of Lyme disease. A few diagnoses that mimic symptoms of Lyme disease are arthritis, osteoarthritis, Alzheimer's disease, ALS, Multiple Sclerosis, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, depression, lupus, Reynaud's Syndrome, interstitial cystitis, Scleroderma, Crohn's disease, Menieres Syndrome, Reynaud's Syndrome, Sjogren's Syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, colitis, prostatitis, encephalitis, sleep disorders, thyroid disease and various other illnesses. The Journal of Neuroinflammation published a study in 2011 by Dr. Miklossy looking for a possible link between Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) and Alzheimer's disease. His research revealed that a significant association does indeed exist between spirochetes and Alzheimer's disease. Of note, spirochetes were found in the brain in more than 90% of people who had been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease and Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) was identified in the brains of 25.3% of persons with Alzheimer's disease.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a significant deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    8593
    Cost: 
    $128.00
  • Lyme Disease (Borrelia burgdorferi) PCR

    This blood test is used to aid in the detection of Borrelia burgdorferi (Lyme disease). The diagnosis of Lyme disease is most often made by clinical examination combined with evidence of tick bite or exposure in endemic areas. Amplification of Borrelia genomic DNA from blood, fluids or tissues can support the diagnosis.

    Lyme disease (LD) is a corkscrew shaped bacterial infection caused by the spirochete known as Borrelia. Lyme Disease knows no borders and is a major health problem worldwide. In 2007, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that reported Lyme disease cases in the US had more than doubled since the CDC began recording cases in 1991. In 2010, the CDC reported 94% of Lyme disease cases were reported from 12 states: Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia & Wisconsin. Lyme disease has exceeded AIDS as one of the fastest growing infectious epidemics in our nation, with a cost to society measured at approximately $1 billion annually. In the United States, Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) is an extremely complex bacterium believed to be carried by deer ticks. Research has shown that less than 50% of children and adults with reported cases of Lyme disease exhibit the classic Bulls Eye rash. The lack of the appearance of this rash is one of the major reasons why so many cases of LD escape detection. Research has documented that Lyme Disease can be transferred by mosquitoes, fleas, animal bites, body fluids (breast milk, urine & semen) and through the placenta. Left undetected and untreated, the spirochete can travel through the bloodstream and establish itself in multiple tissues throughout the body, most notably the skin, joints, heart and the central and peripheral nervous system which is most often the most debilitating. Severity of the disease is based on individual response and disease progression. Many people with Lyme disease have been diagnosed with other illnesses before receiving the correct diagnosis of Lyme disease. A few diagnoses that mimic symptoms of Lyme disease are arthritis, osteoarthritis, Alzheimer's disease, ALS, Multiple Sclerosis, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, depression, lupus, Reynaud's Syndrome, interstitial cystitis, Scleroderma, Crohn's disease, Menieres Syndrome, Reynaud's Syndrome, Sjogren's Syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, colitis, prostatitis, encephalitis, sleep disorders, thyroid disease and various other illnesses. The Journal of Neuroinflammation published a study in 2011 by Dr. Miklossy looking for a possible link between Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) and Alzheimer's disease. His research revealed that a significant association does indeed exist between spirochetes and Alzheimer's disease. Of note, spirochetes were found in the brain in more than 90% of people who had been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease and Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) was identified in the brains of 25.3% of persons with Alzheimer's disease.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a significant deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    15777
    Cost: 
    $189.99
  • Lyme Disease Antibodies, Including Reflex to Western Blot on Positives

    According to Quest Diagnostics, this blood test is the most analytical and comprehensive approach available for detecting antibodies specific for Lyme disease and provides the broadest time window for detection and confirmation. As described below, Lyme disease is caused by a bacterium borrelia burgdorferi. EIA is the screening test with high sensitivity for antibody detection. Immunoblot testing qualitatively examines with high specificity antibodies in a patient's specimen. Immunoblot testing is appropriate for confirming a detected EIA test result.

    Lyme disease (LD) is a corkscrew shaped bacterial infection caused by the spirochete known as Borrelia. Lyme Disease knows no borders and is a major health problem worldwide. In 2007, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) that reported Lyme disease cases in the US had more than doubled since the CDC began recording cases in 1991. In 2010, the CDC reported 94% of Lyme disease cases were reported from 12 states: Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia & Wisconsin. Lyme disease has exceeded AIDS as one of the fastest growing infectious epidemics in our nation, with a cost to society measured at approximately $1 billion annually. In the United States, Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) is an extremely complex bacterium believed to be carried by deer ticks. Research has shown that less than 50% of children and adults with reported cases of Lyme disease exhibit the classic Bulls Eye rash. The lack of the appearance of this rash is one of the major reasons why so many cases of LD escape detection. Research has documented that Lyme Disease can be transferred by mosquitoes, fleas, animal bites, body fluids (breast milk, urine & semen) and through the placenta. Left undetected and untreated, the spirochete can travel through the bloodstream and establish itself in multiple tissues throughout the body, most notably the skin, joints, heart and the central and peripheral nervous system which is most often the most debilitating. Severity of the disease is based on individual response and disease progression. Many people with Lyme disease have been diagnosed with other illnesses before receiving the correct diagnosis of Lyme disease. A few diagnoses that mimic symptoms of Lyme disease are arthritis, osteoarthritis, Alzheimer's disease, ALS, Multiple Sclerosis, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, depression, lupus, Reynaud's Syndrome, interstitial cystitis, Scleroderma, Crohn's disease, Menieres Syndrome, Reynaud's Syndrome, Sjogren's Syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, colitis, prostatitis, encephalitis, sleep disorders, thyroid disease and various other illnesses. The Journal of Neuroinflammation published a study in 2011 by Dr. Miklossy looking for a possible link between Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) and Alzheimer's disease. His research revealed that a significant association does indeed exist between spirochetes and Alzheimer's disease. Of note, spirochetes were found in the brain in more than 90% of people who had been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease and Borrelia burgdorferi (Bb) was identified in the brains of 25.3% of persons with Alzheimer's disease.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a significant deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    6646
    Cost: 
    $415.00
  • Magnesium RBC (Red Blood Cell)

    RBC Magnesium is the most precise blood test measuring intracellular magnesium levels. Magnesium is a critical mineral to overall health and well-being. It is estimated that over one half of all Americans may be deficient in magnesium. Studies have shown that those with cardiovascular disease and diabetes have depleted levels of magnesium and postmenopausal women are severely depleted. Magnesium plays many vital roles in preventing heart disease, controlling blood pressure and maintaining healthy cholesterol levels. Magnesium is needed for over 300 enzymatic reactions in the body, including the intracellular production of energy, and muscle contraction and relaxation. Magnesium deficiency contributes to a wide range of imbalances such as muscle cramps and spasms, tremors, neuromuscular disorders and may cause cardiac arrhythmias that result in sudden cardiac death.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    623
    Cost: 
    $52.00
  • Methylmalonic Acid (MMA)

    This blood test measures Methylmalonic Acid (MMA) levels. Methylmalonic acid is produced when certain amino acids break down in the body. Methylmalonic Acid is used to help detect early and/or mild vitamin B12 deficiency, especially at the tissue level. Methylmalonic acid is an important component to evaluate when diagnosing vitamin B12 deficiency anemia. This test is frequently used in conjunction with a B 12 level and a homocysteine in order to have a more in depth look when assessing B12 and homocysteine levels. Methylmalonic acid levels may be elevated in those who suffer from kidney disease.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    91002
    Cost: 
    $68.00
  • Mold & Mycotoxin - MycoTox Profile - Great Plains Laboratory


    GPL-MYCOTOX MARKERS

    AFLATOXIN M1 (AFM1)

    Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is the main metabolite of aflatoxin B1, which is a mycotoxin produced by the mold species Aspergillus. Aflatoxins are some of the most carcinogenic substances in the environment.  Aflatoxin susceptibility is dependent on multiple different factors such as age, sex, and diet.  Aflatoxin can be found in beans, corn, rice, tree nuts, wheat, milk, eggs, and meat.  In cases of lung aspergilloma, aflatoxin has been found in human tissue specimens. Aflatoxin can cause liver damage, cancer, mental impairment, abdominal pain, hemorrhaging, coma, and death.  Aflatoxin has been shown to inhibit leucocyte proliferation.  Clinical signs of aflatoxicosis are non-pruritic macular rash, headache, gastrointestinal dysfunction (often extreme), lower extremity edema, anemia, and jaundice.  The toxicity of Aflatoxin is increased in the presence of Ochratoxin and Zearalenone.

    OCHRATOXIN A (OTA)


    Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a nephrotoxic, immunotoxic, and carcinogenic mycotoxin.  This chemical is produced by molds in the Aspergillus and Penicillium families.  Exposure is primarily through contaminated foods such as cereals, grape juices, dairy, spices, wine, dried vine fruit, and coffee.  Exposure to OTA can also come from inhalation exposure in water-damaged buildings.  OTA can lead to kidney disease and adverse neurological effects.  Studies have shown that OTA can cause significant oxidative damage to multiple brain regions and the kidneys.  Dopamine levels in the brain of mice have been shown to be decreased after exposure to OTA.

    STERIGMATOCYSTIN (STG)


    Sterigmatocystin (STG) is a mycotoxin that is closely related to aflatoxin.  STG is produced from several species of mold such as Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Bipolaris. It is considered to be carcinogenic, particularly in the cells of the GI tract and liver.  STG has been found in the dust from damp carpets.  It is also a contaminant of many foods including grains, corn, bread, cheese, spices, coffee beans, soybeans, pistachio nuts, and animal feed. In cases of lung aspergilloma, STG has been found in human tissue specimens.  The toxicity of STG affects the liver, kidneys, and immune system.  Tumors have been found in the lungs of rodents that were exposed to STG.  Oxidative stress becomes measurably elevated during STG exposure, which causes a depletion of antioxidants such as glutathione, particularly in the liver.

    RORIDIN E

    Roridin E is a macrocyclic trichothecene produced by the mold species Fusarium, Myrothecium, and Stachybotrys (i.e. black mold).  Trichothecenes are frequently found in buildings with water damage but can also be found in contaminated grain.  This is a very toxic compound, which inhibits protein biosynthesis by preventing peptidyl transferase activity. Trichothecenes are considered extremely toxic and have been used as biological warfare agents.  Even low levels of exposure to macrocyclic trichothecenes can cause severe neurological damage, immunosuppression, endocrine disruption, cardiovascular problems, and gastrointestinal distress.

    VERRUCARIN A

    Verrucarin A (VRA) is a macrocyclic trichothecene mycotoxin produced from Stachybotrys, Fusarium, and Myrothecium. Trichothecenes are frequently found in buildings with water damage but can also be found in contaminated grain. VRA is a small, amphipathic molecule that can move passively across cell membranes.  The primary tissues affected by VRA are intestinal and gastric mucosa, bone marrow, and spleen.  VRA causes damage to human cells by inhibiting protein and DNA synthesis, disrupting mitochondrial functions, and by producing oxidative stress (due to generation of free radicals).  Exposure to VRA can cause immunological problems, vomiting, skin dermatitis, and hemorrhagic lesions.

    ENNIATIN B1

    Enniatin B1 is a fungal metabolite categorized as cyclohexa depsipeptides toxin produced by the fungus Fusarium. This strain of fungus is one of the most common cereal contaminants.  Grains in many different countries have recently been contaminated with high levels of enniatin.  The toxic effects of enniatin are caused by the inhibition of the acyl-CoA cholesterol acyltransferase, depolarization of mitochondria, and inhibition of osteoclastic bone resorption.  Enniatin has antibiotic properties and chronic exposure may lead to weight loss, fatigue, and liver disease. 

    ZEARALENONE (ZEA)

    Zearalenone (ZEA) is a mycotoxin that is produced by the mold species Fusarium, and has been shown to be hepatotoxic,  haematotoxic, immunotoxic, and genotoxic.  ZEA is commonly found in several foods in the US, Europe, Asia, and Africa including wheat, barley, rice, and maize.  ZEA has estrogenic activity and exposure to ZEA can lead to reproductive changes.  ZEA’s estrogenic activity is higher than that of other non-steroidal isoflavones (compounds that have estrogen-like effects) such as soy and clover.  ZEA exposure can result in thymus atrophy and alter spleen lymphocyte production as well as impaired lymphocyte immune response, which leads to patients being susceptible to disease. 

    SPECIES OF MOLD TESTED BY GPL-MYCOTOX
     
    ASPERGILLUS

    Aspergillus is the most prevalent mold group in the environment.  It has caused billions of dollars of in damage to crops and livestock.  Two of the most common Aspergillus mycotoxins are aflatoxin and ochratoxin.  The main target of these toxins is the liver.  These toxins have been found in all major cereal crops including peanuts, corn, cotton, millet, rice, sorghum, sunflower seeds, wheat, and a variety of spices.  Theyare also found in eggs, milk, and meat from animals fed contaminated grains.  Diseases caused by Aspergillus are called aspergillosis.  The most common route of infection is through the respiratory system.  Aspergillus can cause severe asthma when the mold colonizes the lung, forming a granulomatous disease.

    PENICILLUM

    There are over 200 species of Penicillium that have been discovered.  Penicillium chrysogenum is the most common of these species.  It is often found in indoor environments and is responsible for many allergic reactions.  Penicillium is also a known contaminant in many different food items.  Many different types of citrus fruits can become contaminated with Penicillium, but it can also contaminate seeds and grains.  One reason that Penicillium is such a common infestation is because of its ability to thrive in low humidity.  In the home, Penicillium can be found in wallpaper, carpet, furniture, and fiberglass insulation.  The most common mycotoxin produced by Penicillium is ochratoxin (OTA).  Ochratoxin is nephrotoxic, which means that it damages the kidneys.  It is also carcinogenic.

    STACHYBOTRYS

    Stachybotrys is a greenish-black mold.  This mold can grow on materials with high cellulose and low nitrogen content such as gypsum board, paper, fiberboard, and ceiling tiles.  Stachybotrys is known for its production of the highly toxic macrocyclic trichothecene mycotoxins.  Two of the more common mycotoxins produced by Stachybotrys are roridin E and verrucarin.  In addition to these mycotoxins, the fungus produces nine phenylspirodrimanes, as well as cyclosporine, which are potent immunosuppressors. These immunosupressors along with the mycotoxin trichothecenes may be responsible for the high toxicity of Stachybotrys.

    FUSARIUM

    Fusarium’s major mycotoxins are zearalenone (ZEN) and fumonisin.  Fusarium fungi grow best in temperate climate conditions.  They require lower temperatures for growth than Aspergillus. Fusarium grows worldwide on many different types of grains including corn and wheat.  Exposure to mycotoxins from Fusarium can lead to both acute and chronic effects.  These symptoms can include abdominal distress, malaise, diarrhea, emesis, and death.  ZEN possesses estrogenic effects and has been implicated in reproductive disorders.

    SPECIMEN REQUIREMENTS
    Urine: 5 mL of the first morning urine before food or drink is suggested.  Fasting for 12 hours may increase the excretion of mycotoxins from the adipose tissue.  However, fasting is not recommended if running this test in combination with other urine tests.



    Test code: 
    VABVSOSEAY
    Cost: 
    $380.00
  • Pregnenalone

    This blood test measures Pregnenalone levels. Pregnenalone is produced by the adrenal glands and is known as the mother hormone because other steroids including testosterone and estrogen are derivatives of Pregnenalone. For this reason, optimal blood levels of pregnenolone are critical for a healthy hormone balance. Research has shown that pregnenalone levels decline with age. Pregnenalone helps to improve cognition and improve memory as well as mood. Because of these effects on the brain, pregnenalone is also known as a neuro-active steroid hormone.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    31493
    Cost: 
    $97.00
  • Progesterone

    This blood test measures Progesterone levels. Progesterone is a steroid hormone that is produced in the ovaries, the adrenal glands, in the placenta during pregnancy and is stored in adipose tissue. Progesterone prepares the uterus to receive and sustain pregnancy Progesterone balances the powerful effects of estrogen. An imbalance in progesterone will have an effect on sleep, respiration, mood, appetite, learning and memory. Progesterone is a neurosteroid, which means it is neuroprotective. Progesterone supports the normal development of neurons in the brain and has a protective effect on damaged brain tissue. It is important to assess thyroid function when evaluating progesterone levels. Thyroid hormones sensitize cells so progesterone can be readily used. If cells are not exposed to enough thyroid hormones, progesterone cannot enter the cells. In men, a progesterone imbalance can cause weight gain, decrease in libido and prostate enlargement.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    745
    Cost: 
    $42.00
  • RealTime Mold Testing

    Mold & Mycotoxin Testing  

    Testing for mold/mycotoxins in humans is a simple and usually noninvasive procedure. The RealTime Lab mycotoxin test detects 15 different mycotoxins, including 9 macrocyclic trichothecenes. 

    There are estimated to be over 50,000 different species of mold, but only about 200 present serious health risks to humans or animals. These harmful species are referred to as toxic mold and are potentially hazardous because they can produce toxins known as mycotoxins. And their impact can be life threatening.

    Mycotoxin Tests are performed for Tricothecenes, Ochratoxins, Aflatoxins and Gliotoxin. Anyone in contact with mold exposure or with prolonged symptoms of exposure should consider being tested for mycotoxins.

    The RealTime Labs mycotoxin test detects 15 different mycotoxins, including 9 macrocyclic trichothecenes. Testing is done using competitive ELISA, a very sensitive detection method using antibodies prepared against mycotoxins. In fact, RealTime Labs was recently granted a U.S. patent for its macrocyclic trichothecene test.

    This RealTime lab test looks for these specific Molds & Mycotoxins:

    Ochratoxins: 
    • Ochratoxin A is evaluated using ImmunoSorbant Columns containing antibodies to the Ochratoxin A. Results are reported as PRESENT or NOT PRESENT.
    • Ochratoxins A
    Trichothecenes: 
    • Tricothecenes are evaluated by using Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbant Assay (ELISA). The test at RTL has been validated as a qualitative test. Thus, RTL reports whether tricothecenes are PRESENT or NOT PRESENT.
    • Satratoxin G
    • Satratoxin H
    • Isosatratoxin F
    • Roridin A
    • Roridin E
    • Roridin H
    • Roridin L-2
    • Verrucarin A
    • Verrucarin J
    Alfatoxins: 
    • Aflatoxins are evaluated using ImmunoSorbant Columns containing antibodies to the group of aflatoxins (B1, B2, G1, and G2). Results are reported as PRESENT or NOT PRESENT. 
    • Aflatoxin B1
    • Aflatoxin B2
    • Aflatoxin G1
    • Aflatoxin G2
    Gliotoxin:
    • Glitoxin is a mycotoxin produced by Aspergillus fumigatus, a major cause of death in immunocompromised patients. Gliotoxin has been demonstrated to have significant immunosuppressive effects and may play a role in teh evasion of host defenses in Invasive Aspergillosis.
    All mycotoxin testing results are displayed in an easy-to-understand numeric format, showing detection levels in ppb as standardized by the FDA, WHO, CDC and Food Industry for clinical use. Results also tell if the test was positive, negative or equivocal, along with ranges of detection for each. 
    The health affects of mold and mycotoxin exposure are numerous. Mold  

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results & Test Kit Instructions: 
    • No fasting required. Test sample is a urine sample. 
    • Processing time after the test kit is received is approximately 10-14 Business Days. MyLabsForLife will send you a copy of your test results after they have posted.
    • Kits, with collection instructions, will be sent by UPS within 24 hours of receipt of payment to MyLabsForLife.com.  Depending on your location, UPS delivery can be 1-6 business days (1-4 business days in 80% of the U.S.). The kit is returned to RealTime Labs in the prepaid, 2-day ground UPS shipper that comes with the kit. For test kit information, please contact the support staff at Real Time Labs: 1-855-692-6767.
    • Please note: This test is not available in these states at this time: NY, NJ & RI


    Test code: 
    RealTime Labs Mold and Mycotoxin
    Cost: 
    $699.00
  • Reverse Triiodothyronine (rT3)

    This blood test measures levels of Reverse T3 (rT3). A Reverse Triiodothyronine (rT3) is a thyroid hormone that disrupts the activity of the active the form of thyroid hormone, triiodothyronine (T3). When thyroid hormone is functioning properly, thyroxine (T4) is converted to the active hormone (T3). When reverse T3 is elevated, metabolic rhythms orchestrated by the active thyroid hormone (T3) act as if they were hit by a stun gun. Elevated levels of reverse T3 is also known as thyroid resistance because it mimics many of the same symptoms seen in those who suffer with low thyroid function (hypothyroidism). Some of those symptoms are fatigue, weight gain, cold hands, dry skin, hair loss, moodiness and a decline in cognitive function. Research has cited multiple factors that can generate an elevation in reverse T3. Some of those causes are: physical stress/trauma, strict dieting, chemical exposure, liver and kidney disease, severe illness, heavy metal toxicity, certain medications such as Propranolol (beta blockers), elevated cortisol, low iron levels, and lack of certain cofactors such as selenium and zinc which are crucial for healthy thyroid function.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    90963
    Cost: 
    $69.00
  • Selenium (24 Hour Urine)

    This 24-hour urine test measures selenium levels. Selenium is an essential trace element. It is widely recognized as a key nutrient in cancer prevention and is a crucial cofactor for the conversion of T4 to T3 in healthy thyroid function. Selenium protects genes from inflammatory disease processes such as dementia, stroke, heart disease, diabetes and asthma. Selenium plays a crucial role by helping the body detoxify naturally from heavy metals such as cadmium. Cigarettes are a significant source of cadmium exposure worldwide. Cadmium has been found in toxic levels in fertilizers, pesticides and PVC plastics. Cadmium toxicity affects the lungs, brain, kidneys and bones and may lead to problems such as fatigue, confusion, depression and cardiac arrhythmias.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    A 24-hour urine collection must be submitted for this test to be completed. The specimen container for the 24-hour urine collection can be picked up at any Quest Diagnostics lab collection site. The Quest Diagnostics staff will be happy to answer any questions or concerns. Instructions for a 24-hour urine are as follows:


    1. The specimen collection starts by discarding the first urine passed upon rising. It is important to empty the
    bladder completely.

    2. Except for the discarded urine passed upon the morning rise, place ALL of the urine passed during the next 24 hours in the specimen container obtained at the Quest Diagnostics collection site. Urine passed during bowel movements must be included in the collection process.

    3. Maintain the specimen container at room temperature.

    4. Avoid contact with metal during the collection process.

    5. At the same time the following morning, empty the bladder completely one more time and add this sample to
    the collection container. This completes the collection process.

    6. Be sure the lid to the specimen container is on secure. Take the collection container to the Quest Diagnostics  
    collection site as soon as possible.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    16866
    Cost: 
    $155.00
  • Selenium (Blood)

    This blood test measures selenium levels. Selenium is an essential trace element. It is widely recognized as a key nutrient in cancer prevention and is a crucial cofactor for the conversion of T4 to T3 in healthy thyroid function. Selenium protects genes from inflammatory disease processes such as dementia, stroke, heart disease, diabetes and asthma. Selenium plays a crucial role by helping the body detoxify naturally from heavy metals such as cadmium. Cigarettes are a significant source of cadmium exposure worldwide. Cadmium has been found in toxic levels in fertilizers, pesticides and PVC plastics. Cadmium toxicity affects the lungs, brain, kidneys and bones and may lead to problems such as fatigue, confusion, depression and cardiac arrhythmias.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    6296
    Cost: 
    $135.00
  • Testosterone Free and Total

    This blood test measures Total and Free Testosterone. Testosterone is an anabolic steroid hormone, which is synthesized from cholesterol and secreted in the testes and ovaries. Small amounts of testosterone are also secreted by the adrenal glands. Testosterone is the primary anabolic steroid that orchestrates metabolism and the restoration and regeneration of healthy tissues. Men produce approximately ten times more testosterone than women. Women however, are far more sensitive to testosterone. Testosterone levels in men may begin to decrease with age, obesity and diabetes. Symptoms of decreased levels of testosterone may include a change in libido, decreased feeling of well-being, osteopenia/osteoporosis, decreased quality of life, depression, anemia, muscle loss and cognitive decline. Testosterone has many positive health associations to include supporting protein synthesis, cardiovascular protection, improved cognitive function, reduced inflammation, increased levels of hemoglobin and hematocrit and decreased risk of Alzheimer's. It is important to know that a zinc deficiency lowers testosterone levels. This test may help determine whether or not testosterone replacement should be considered for treatment of poor mental performance, heart disease, chronic infections, bone disease, abdominal obesity, loss of libido and depression.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    36170
    Cost: 
    $78.00
  • Testosterone, Woman / Child

    This blood test measures Testosterone. Testosterone is an anabolic steroid hormone, which is synthesized from cholesterol and secreted in the testes and ovaries. Small amounts of testosterone are also secreted by the adrenal glands. Testosterone is the primary anabolic steroid that orchestrates metabolism and the restoration and regeneration of healthy tissues. Men produce approximately ten times more testosterone than women. Women, however, are far more sensitive to testosterone. Testosterone levels in men may begin to decrease with age, obesity and diabetes. Symptoms of decreased levels of testosterone may include a change in libido, decreased feeling of well-being, osteopenia/osteoporosis, decreased quality of life, depression, anemia, muscle loss and cognitive decline. Testosterone has many positive health associations to include supporting protein synthesis, cardiovascular protection, improved cognitive function, reduced inflammation, increased levels of hemoglobin and hematocrit and a decreased risk of Alzheimer's disease. It is important to know that a zinc deficiency lowers testosterone levels. This test may help determine whether or not testosterone replacement should be considered for treatment of poor mental performance, heart disease, chronic infections, bone disease, abdominal obesity, loss of libido and depression.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    15983
    Cost: 
    $58.00
  • Thyroid Antibodies: Combined Ab & TPO

    This blood test is a combination test used to evaluate both, Thyroid Autoantibodies (TAA) and Thyroid Peroxidase Antibodies (TPO ab). Thyroid autoantibody (TAA) is a test that helps to determine if an autoimmune process is manifesting in the thyroid system. Autoantibodies to thyroglobulin (thyroid hormone) may lead to the destruction of the thyroid gland. Antibodies are more likely to appear after trauma or inflammation of the thyroid gland. Thyroid Peroxidase antibodies (TPO ab) is an important antibody test related to the thyroid gland because thyroid peroxidase is the enzyme responsible for the production of thyroid hormones. This enzyme plays a central role in the function of the thyroid gland. Thyroid peroxidase assists the chemical reaction that adds iodine to a protein called thyroglobulin, a critical step in generating thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones play an important role in regulating growth, brain development, and the rate of chemical reactions in the body (metabolism).

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    7260
    Cost: 
    $68.00
  • Thyroid Basic Panel

    The Thyroid Basic Panel includes a TSH, T4, FT3 and a FT4. This group of individual tests was strategically constructed in order to review a broader perspective of thyroid function. The conventional review of thyroid function is usually based on a thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level alone. The Thyroid Basic Panel may also be used to monitor the effectiveness of either thyroid replacement therapy or evaluate thyroid suppression therapy. A decrease in the amount of thyroid hormone can cause symptoms similar to depression. Many factors may disrupt the balance of thyroid hormone production, including medications, allergies (wheat & gluten), anemia, poor gastrointestinal function, insulin resistance, bone metabolism, hormone imbalances, nutrient deficiencies such as selenium, iodine, tyrosine, manganese as well as decreased levels of Vitamin A & D. Thyroid function is also affected by stress, environmental toxins such as pesticides and PCB's. Thyroid function is also dependent on adequate levels of Progesterone and Sex Binding Hormone Globulin (SHBG).

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.

    Something To Consider:
    When evaluating thyroid function, it is important to look for the presence of thyroid autoantibodies. The presence of thyroid autoantibodies may lead to the destruction of the thyroid gland. Autoantibodies are more likely to appear after trauma to, or inflammation of, the thyroid gland. The two most common antibodies are Thyroid Autoantibodies (TAA) and Thyroid Peroxidase Antibodies (TPO ab). There is an established relationship between gluten sensitivity and Thyroid Peroxidase antibodies. Each of these tests may be ordered separately. For more information on  thyroid antibodies, please refer to the Individual Lab section of My Labs For Life.
    Test code: 
    Thyroid Basic Panel
    Cost: 
    $155.00
  • Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)

    This blood test measures Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) or thyrotropin levels. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) is the most common and sensitive marker of thyroid function. It is a hormone that is secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate thyroid activity. TSH levels increase when T4 levels drop. Conversely, TSH levels decrease when T4 rises. This test is usually the only test evaluated when thyroid function is being reviewed. This test is not sufficient when evaluating thyroid function. Many factors may disrupt the balance of thyroid hormone production, including medications, allergies (wheat & gluten), anemia, poor gastrointestinal function, insulin resistance, bone metabolism, hormone imbalances, nutrient deficiencies such as selenium, decreased levels of Vitamin A & D and metabolic disruptors such as PCBs to name a few. 

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    899
    Cost: 
    $34.00
  • Thyroxine (T4)

    This blood test measures Thyroxine (T4) levels. Thyroxine (T4) is the major hormone produced and secreted by the thyroid gland. Thyroxine (T4) is named after the four molecules of iodine attached to it. Thyroxine (T4) is converted into the more active form of the hormone called triiodothyronine (T3). Approximately 20% of thyroxine (T4) is converted to triiodothyronine (T3) in the intestines, but only in the presence of friendly flora such as Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacteria. The conversion of T4 to T3 is also dependent on the presence of iodine, selenium, zinc and tyrosine, as well as other nutrients. Elevated levels of T4 are associated with symptoms such as anxiety, insomnia, diarrhea, and muscle aches and pains. Low levels of T4, known as hypothyroidism, are associated with symptoms such as depression, weight gain, dry skin, hair loss, constipation and cold intolerance.  Many factors may disrupt the balance of thyroid hormone production, including medications, allergies (wheat & gluten), anemia, poor gastrointestinal function, insulin resistance, bone metabolism, hormone imbalances, nutrient deficiencies such as selenium, decreased levels of Vitamin A & D and metabolic disruptors such as PCBs to name a few.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    867
    Cost: 
    $21.00
  • Thyroxine (T4) Free, Direct (FT4)

    This test measures Thyroxine T4 (Free). Thyroxine (T4) Free measures the free or unbound (bioavailable) thyroxine levels in the bloodstream. Free T4 is usually elevated in hyperthyroidism, and lowered in hypothyroidism. Free or unbound T4 levels correspond to the level of hormone available for uptake and use by cells. Bound levels represent a circulating hormone, all of which may not be readily available to the body, because it can be affected by certain medications, illness, and physical changes such as pregnancy. Because the free levels of T4 represent immediately available hormone, free T4 is thought to be a better indicator of thyroid hormone status than total T4. Many factors may disrupt the balance of thyroid hormone production, including medications, allergies (wheat & gluten), anemia, poor gastrointestinal function, insulin resistance, bone metabolism, hormone imbalances, nutrient deficiencies such as selenium, decreased levels of Vitamin A & D and metabolic disruptors such as PCBs to name a few.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    866
    Cost: 
    $38.00
  • Tissue Transglutaminase (tTG, IgA)

    Before gluten has been removed from the diet, a tissue Transglutaminase Antibody (IgA) test is a highly specific blood test used to help identify gluten-sensitive enteropathies such as Celiac Spru disease. It can also be used to help diagnose other autoimmune conditions such as herpetiformis (a skin condition associated with gluten sensitive enteropathies. 

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    It would be best to have this test performed before gluten has been removed from the diet. If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    8821
    Cost: 
    $62.00
  • Triiodothyronine (T3)

    This blood test measures Triiodothyronine (T3) levels. Triiodothyronine is the most active form of the thyroid hormone and is primarily produced from the conversion of thyroxine in the peripheral tissue. Approximately 20% of thyroxine (T4) is converted to triiodothyronine (T3) in the intestines, but only in the presence of friendly flora such as Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacteria. Triiodothyronine (T3) affects almost every physiological process in the body, including growth and development, metabolism, body temperature, heart rate and may increase serotonin levels in the brain. Many factors may disrupt the balance of thyroid hormone production, including medications, allergies (wheat & gluten), anemia, poor gastrointestinal function, insulin resistance, bone metabolism, hormone imbalances, nutrient deficiencies such as selenium, decreased levels of Vitamin A & D and metabolic disruptors such as PCBs to name a few.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    859
    Cost: 
    $36.00
  • Triiodothyronine Free (FT3)

    Triiodothyronine Free (FT3) is a blood test that measures the free or unbound (bioavailable) Free T3 hormone available to receptor sites. Free T3 is the most active form of the thyroid hormone and is primarily produced from the conversion of thyroxine in the peripheral tissue. Approximately 20% of thyroxine (T4) is converted to triiodothyronine (T3) in the intestines, but only in the presence of friendly flora such as Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacteria. Triiodothyronine Free (FT3) is used to measure Free T3, the active form of thyroid hormone. It is an excellent marker to measure the amount of active thyroid hormone that is available to bind with thyroid receptor sites. Many health care providers believe that evaluating (FT3) is the best indicator of thyroid function. A (FT3) test is frequently used to support a diagnosis of hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism is a condition where (FT3) blood levels are low. Symptoms may include weight gain, constipation, dry skin and hair loss. When low (FT3) levels go undetected, chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes may develop. Hyperthyroidism is the term for elevated T3 blood levels. Symptoms can include anxiety, insomnia, heart palpitations and bowel discomfort.  Many factors may disrupt the balance of thyroid hormone production, including medications, allergies (wheat & gluten), anemia, poor gastrointestinal function, insulin resistance, bone metabolism, hormone imbalances, nutrient deficiencies such as selenium, decreased levels of Vitamin A & D and metabolic disruptors such as PCBs to name a few.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    34429
    Cost: 
    $74.00
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha (TNF)

    This blood test measures Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, a cytokine (signal protein that facilitates intracellular communication) that promotes the inflammatory response. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha is clinically associated with autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, psoriasis and refractory asthma. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha may be elevated in Alzheimer's disease and various other autoimmune and infectious diseases.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    34485
    Cost: 
    $149.00
  • Urinalysis-Complete with Microscopic Examination

    A urinalysis is done to detect abnormalities in the urine and to look for and manage kidney disease, urinary tract infections (common cause of mental changes, especially in the elderly). A urinalysis is used to check for crystals, bacteria and other organisms in. It also looks for cloudiness, unusual odors, acid concentration and protein levels. This is an excellent screening test to assess for systemic diseases such as diabetes and inflammatory diseases adjacent to the urinary tract. A urinalysis is one of several basic health screening tests and is extremely useful when evaluating overall health and well-being.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results: 
    A clean catch is recommended when completing a urine collection. Before producing the urine sample, drink plenty of fluids prior to the test. When giving the sample, allow 1-2 seconds of urine to flow before catching it in the sample container given to you at the lab. If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    5463
    Cost: 
    $28.00
  • Vitamin B1 (Thiamine)

    This blood test measures Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) levels. Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) was the first B Vitamin discovered. All of the water-soluble B vitamins work as a team to help promote healthy nerves, skin, eyes, hair, liver, muscle tone and cardiovascular function. Vitamin B1 is a water-soluble vitamin and acts as a coenzyme and is essential for a number of reactions in metabolism. Vitamin B1 is involved in many body functions including the nervous system, muscle function, metabolism and digestion. Because Vitamin B1 is water soluble and very little is stored in the body, depletion of this vitamin can occur rapidly. Vitamin B1 metabolism is extremely complex and is the focus of continuing research. Vitamin B1 is an essential nutrient as it plays a vital role in carbohydrate, protein and lipid metabolism. Thiamine deficiency can develop after only one month of a thiamine-free diet. Mild thiamine deficiency occurs in pregnant women (due to their increased requirement), diabetics, the elderly and in malabsorption syndromes. Severe thiamine deficiency is a disorder called beriberi.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:

    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. Do not take supplements on the day of the test. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    5042
    Cost: 
    $65.00
  • Vitamin B12

    This blood test measures Vitamin B12 levels. All of the water-soluble B vitamins work as a team to help promote healthy nerves, skin, eyes, hair, liver, muscle tone and cardiovascular function. Vitamin B12 is necessary for red blood cell production and neural function. Deficiencies in Vitamin B12 may be due to an inherited factor, limited dietary intake or problems with absorption (due to lack of intrinsic factor or gastric secretions in the stomach). A Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause anemia, neurologic disorders and an elevation in the inflammatory marker homocysteine, which has been implicated in Alzheimer's disease. If B12 is deficient, the body can have a difficult time using the B vitamin, folate.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    927
    Cost: 
    $42.00
  • Vitamin B12 & Folate

    This blood test measures both Vitamin B12 and Folate levels. All of the water-soluble B vitamins work as a team to help promote healthy nerves, skin, eyes, hair, liver, muscle tone and cardiovascular function. Adequate levels help to protect from the mental strain caused by depression and anxiety. Vitamin B12 helps spark the production of healthy red blood cells and is needed to support the nervous system. Vitamin B12 helps support the synthesis of the neurotransmitter, serotonin. Conditions associated with decreased levels of Vitamin B12 include anemia, nervous system disorders, memory, muscle strength, hypochlorhydria (low levels of needed stomach acid) and inflammatory bowel diseases. A Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause neuropathy in a treatable dementia, which is most often seen after the age of forty. Folic Acid is the co-enzyme required for purine synthesis and blood production. A deficiency of folic acid can cause symptoms similar to those seen in a deficiency of Vitamin B12, which is why it is recommended both of these B vitamins be checked at the same time. Current research has shown that B vitamins may help reduce levels of homocysteine, an inflammatory marker strongly associated with Alzheimer's disease.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: A health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    7065
    Cost: 
    $52.00
  • Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)

    This blood test measures Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) levels. All of the water-soluble B vitamins work as a team to help promote healthy nerves, skin, eyes, hair, liver, muscle tone and cardiovascular function. Vitamin B6 is needed to make red blood cells and maintain a healthy immune and nervous system. Vitamin B6 appears to offer significant protection against the development of diabetic nerve disease (neuropathy). Research has shown that individuals with long-standing diabetes, or those developing signs of peripheral nerve abnormalities, may benefit from Vitamin B6 supplementation. Elevated homocysteine levels due to a B6 deficiency may damage arterial walls, which can cause cholesterol to build up and block the vessels. A decreased level of Vitamin B6 impairs immune function by inhibiting the production of interleukin 2 and lymphocyte proliferation. Vitamin B6 deficiency may be related to heart disease, stroke, neurologic conditions, carpal tunnel syndrome, and even PMS.

    Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. Do not take supplements on the day of the test. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    926
    Cost: 
    $78.00
  • Vitamin D 25-Hydroxy

    This blood test measures Vitamin D 25 (OH) levels. Vitamin D, known as the "sunshine vitamin." Vitamin D is a fat-soluble prohormone that the body can synthesize as Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) when the skin is exposed to ultraviolet-B (UBV) rays from the sun. Vitamin D is needed for strong bones and teeth, Vitamin D helps your body absorb the amount of calcium and phosphorus it needs. It also has other roles in the body, including modulation of cell growth, neuromuscular and immune function, and reduction of inflammation. Though controversial at times, research demonstrating the importance of Vitamin D3 continues to accumulate, while illuminating the threats that low levels pose to overall health and well-being. There are associations between low Vitamin D levels and peripheral vascular disease, certain cancers, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile diabetes, Parkinson's, and Alzheimer's disease.In May of 2009, an article published by William B. Grant, PhD of the Sunlight, Nutrition, and Health Research Center (SUNARC) demonstrated that a strong correlation exists between Alzheimer's and Vitamin D deficiency. In 2010, it was reported at the Alzheimer's Association International conference in Hawaii that older men and women with low levels of Vitamin D were approximately four times as likely to suffer from memory deficits. There are two primary ways that people lose teeth - dental caries and periodontal disease. Both conditions are linked to low Vitamin D levels. Low serum Vitamin D levels have been associated with a rise in the incidence of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, depression, dental caries, cancer, osteoporosis, and periodontal disease, all of which are either considered risk factors for dementia and cognitive decline. Low Vitamin D levels also plays a role in hypertension, chronic pain, muscle weakness, muscle wasting, pre-term births as well as birth defects and autoimmune diseases and the list is mounting. In 2008, a number of studies reported that those with higher Vitamin D serum levels had greatly reduced risk of incidence or death from cardiovascular diseases. Research has shown that Vitamin D is neuroprotective and plays a vital role in reducing inflammation and plays an integral role in brain development and function. Vitamin D may also remove toxins from brain tissue. Some researchers are declaring Vitamin D deficiency as "pandemic". Research has shown that 41% of outpatients in the United States between the ages of 49-83 had low circulating Vitamin D levels. In the first year of being institutionalized, almost all elderly people are at risk for becoming Vitamin D deficient. Vitamin D is critical for everyone's optimal health.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health-care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    17306
    Cost: 
    $48.00
  • Vitamin K1

    This blood test measures Vitamin K1 levels. Vitamin K1 is also known as phylloquinone or phytomenadione. Vitamin K1 is necessary for the production of circulating coagulation factors. A deficiency in Vitamin K may result in excessive bleeding. Vitamin K1 deficiency maybe induced by malabsorption conditions such as Celiac Disease, pancreatitis, diarrhea and antibiotic use. According to a study published in 2008 in The American Journal of Epidemiology, an increase in vitamin K1 intake may reduce the prevalence of chronic inflammation that has been linked to numerous disease processes. Chronic inflammation occurs when the body's natural protective mechanisms overreact. Research has demonstrated that chronic inflammation is associated with numerous health threats including Alzheimer's disease, cardiovascular disease, arthritis and diabetes.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, have the lab collected early in the morning or shortly after waking. For comparison purposes, have subsequent labs collected close to the same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    36585
    Cost: 
    $125.00
  • Zinc

    This blood test measures Zinc levels. Zinc is a crucial trace element required for the growth and healthy development of all living organisms. Zinc deficiency can lead to immune system dysfunction and impairments in growth, cognitive dysfunction, poor carbohydrate metabolism and hormonal function. Low dietary zinc is associated with hypogonadism, low Insulin Growth Factor-1, low testosterone and low levels of the thyroid hormone Free T4. It is estimated that nutritional zinc deficiency affects over 2 billion people worldwide, especially those in developing countries. The USDA's 1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intake has documented that over 70% of Americans do not consume the recommended daily allowance for zinc. Zinc is second to iron in body content and is found largely in the intracellular components of tissues in the liver, pancreas, kidney, bone, muscles, eyes, prostate, fingernails and skin. It is a cofactor for more than 300 known enzymes and plays a crucial role in maintaining the healthy function of DNA, RNA and transcription factors. Zinc is necessary to maintain normal serum testosterone. Inadequate zinc levels prevent the pituitary gland from releasing luteinizing and follicle stimulating hormones, which stimulate testosterone production. Zinc deficiency may have an impact on the male prostate gland. Research is ongoing to assess a possible correlation between zinc levels and prostate health. Zinc competes with copper and may contribute to a copper imbalance.

    Test Preparation For Optimal Results:
    If possible, it is best to have these labs drawn early in the morning (shortly after waking) and to have subsequent labs drawn for comparison purposes drawn at this same time.

    Disclaimer: Your health care provider should evaluate a deviation from normal ranges.
    Test code: 
    945
    Cost: 
    $44.00

Online Resources About Alzheimer's Disease & Related Blood Testing