Direct-To-Consumer: Kidney Health Lab Testing

Introduction to Kidney Health 

According to the National Kidney Foundation, studies indicate that 26 million American adults suffer from some form of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Regrettably, they also state that the number is likely to rise unless Americans get serious about prevention. 
The kidneys are a bean-shaped organ located on either side of your spine in the middle of your back (Flank). The main job of the kidneys is to filter impurities and toxins out of the blood. Each kidney contains approximately one million tiny little filters that have the ability to process around 40 gallons (average size of a hot water heater) of fluid every day. As the blood moves through the kidney, the tiny little filters sift through the blood and recycle substances needed by the body.  Toxins and other harmful substances, to include extra water and nutrients are sent to the bladder to be flushed away as urine. The kidneys also produce several hormones, which help to control your blood pressure, make red blood cells and activate vitamin D. 

Health challenges that can impair kidney function are: diabetes; heart disease; high blood pressure; obesity, autoimmune diseases, urinary tract infections and systemic infections.
When kidney function is compromised toxins and extra water can build up in blood and put strain on other body systems such as the heart and lungs. A decrease in hormone production can induce a cascade of other health challenges that can be difficult to manage. It is estimated that approximately 1 in 10 adults in the United States or about 20 million people, have at least some signs and symptoms of kidney damage.

More About Kidney Lab and Urine Testing.

Basic kidney function can be reviewed or monitored by checking routine blood and urine tests to look for potential challenges to kidney function. These tests measure creatinine levels, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), protein and blood. Mineral content is also measured, such as calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and other elements. 

A urinalysis is done to detect abnormalities in the urine and to look for and manage kidney disease, urinary tract infections (common cause of mental changes, especially in the elderly). A urinalysis is used to check for crystals, bacteria and other organisms in. It also looks for cloudiness, unusual odors, acid concentration and protein levels. This is an excellent screening test to assess for systemic diseases such as diabetes and inflammatory diseases adjacent to the urinary tract. A urinalysis is one of several basic health screening tests and is extremely useful when evaluating overall health and well-being.

Why Perform Kidney Health Lab and Urine Testing?

Your health is truly in your hands. By understanding the basics of kidney health and how to maintain and protect your kidneys is a key component to over all health and wellness. Find out if you have healthy kidneys, take learn what you can to protect them. If your kidney health is compromised, then learning how to protect them is even more important.

Keep a record of your lab tests and understand what the testing means. You can monitor your kidney health by using My Labs For Life. You do not need a doctor’s order to obtain this information yourself. In conjunction with your health care provider of choice, you have the ability to make lifestyle changes to help maintain and protect the health of your kidneys. 

List of Kidney Health and Related Lab and Urine Tests

Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) Profile - Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) is also known as vasopressin. Antidiuretic hormone causes blood vessels to constrict which elevates blood pressure and reduces the amount of water lost in urine. Test code: 046557. Purchase or learn more.

Arsenic (Blood) - This blood test is used to measure Arsenic levels. Arsenic toxicity affects the blood, kidneys, skin, digestive tract and central nervous system. Test code: 007245. Purchase or learn more.

Arsenic (Urine) - This 24-hour urine test is used to measure Arsenic levels. Arsenic toxicity affects the blood, kidneys, skin, digestive tract and central nervous system. Test code: 007039. Purchase or learn more.

B Type Naturetic Peptide (BNP) - This blood test is used to measure B Naturetic Peptide (BNP) levels. B Naturetic Peptide has been used as a marker of heart disease risk when there is no clinical evidence of cardiovascular disease. Test code: 140889. Purchase or learn more. 

Basic Health & Wellness Screening Panel - Here is our basic health and wellness screen. This screen includes a CBC, CMP, Lipids (cholesterol), THS (thyroid stimulating hormone), C-reactive, a urinalysis and Vitamin D. Test code: 371170. Purchase or learn more.

Benzene - This blood test is used to monitor exposure to benzene. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has classified benzene as a carcinogen. Benzene targets the liver, kidney, lung, heart and brain and has been known to cause anemia, leukemia and other illnesses that cause bone marrow failure. Test code: 723056. Purchase or learn more.

Benzene Metabolite Urine Metabolite - This random urine test is used to monitor exposure to benzene. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services has classified benzene as a carcinogen. Benzene targets the liver, kidney, lung, heart and brain and has been known to cause anemia, leukemia and other illnesses that cause bone marrow failure. Test code: 007732. Purchase or learn more.

Cadmium (Blood) - This blood test is used to monitor exposure to cadmium. Cadmium toxicity affects the liver, placenta, lungs, brain, kidneys and bones, which may lead to problems such as fatigue, confusion, depression and cardiac arrhythmias. Test code: 085340. Purchase or learn more.

Cadmium (Urine) - This 24-hour urine test is used to monitor exposure to cadmium. Cadmium toxicity affects the liver, placenta, lungs, brain, kidneys and bones, which may lead to problems such as fatigue, confusion, depression and cardiac arrhythmias. Test code: 072249. Purchase or learn more.

Calcium, Ionized (Serum) Test - This test measures calcium that is biologically active. Calcium is essential for the healthy development and maintenance of teeth and bones. It is also a critical electrolyte, essential for the healthy function of muscles, nerves and blood clotting. Test code: 004804. Purchase or learn more.

Candida Antibodies (Qualitative) - This blood test is used to detect systemic Candidiasis. Candida albicans is a common strain of yeast that normally occurs in the mouth, vagina, or gastrointestinal tract. Test Code: 096719 Purchase or learn more here.

Candida Antigen / Antibody Profile - This blood test is used to detect antigens and antibodies (IgG, IgM, IgA) to Candida Albicans. Candida causes infections such as thrush, and is frequently an issue for people who have difficulty controlling their blood sugar (diabetes) and may be life threatening to those who have weakened immune systems. Test Code: 163178 Purchase or learn more here.

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) - Coenzyme Q10 is also known as Ubiquinone. This blood test is used to measure blood levels of CoQ10. CoQ10 is critical for the basic functioning in all cells and specifically to cardiac tissue due to the high-energy demands of cardiac cells. Test Code: 120251 Purchase or Learn More Here.

Complete Blood Count (CBC) With Differential - A Complete Blood Count (CBC) is one of the most common tests used to assess and monitor overall health status. This blood test includes hematocrit, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, hemoglobin concentration, red cell distribution, percentage and absolute differential counts, platelet count, red cell count and a white blood cell count. Test code: 005009. Purchase or learn more.

Complete Metabolic Panel 14 (CMP 14) - A Complete Metabolic Panel (CMP), also known as a Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP). Like the CBC, a CMP is one of the most common tests used to assess and monitor overall health status. Test code: 322000. Purchase or learn more.

Expanded Health and Wellness Screening Panel - This is our most popular health and wellness-screening panel. Test code: 371158. Purchase or learn more.

Glutathione - This blood test measures Glutathione levels. Glutathione is the most abundant and important intracellular antioxidant (prevents oxidative damage). Test Code: 823542 Purchase or learn more.

Growth Hormone (GH) - This fasting blood test measures Growth Hormone (GH) levels. Growth Hormone (GH) is a hormone that regenerates growth in cell and tissues and helps to regulate bone density, muscle mass and lipid metabolism. Test Code: 004275 Purchase or learn more here.

Heavy Metals Panel - Lead, mercury, cadmium, aluminum and arsenic are the most common examples of toxic metal exposure. Research has demonstrated that Alzheimer's patients consistently have elevated levels of copper in the brain. Test code: 371061. Purchase or learn more.

Hemoglobin (Hbg) A1c - A Hemoglobin A1c is a blood test that measures the average amount of glucose that has chemically attached to red blood cells over the past 6-8 weeks. Test Code: 001453 Purchase or learn more here.

Hereditary Hemochromatosis - This test is used to evaluate individuals with elevated transferrin levels and to further evaluate those who may be at risk for Hereditary Hemochromatosis (HH). Test Code: 511345 Purchase or learn more here.

Homocysteine - Homocysteine a marker used to measure inflammation. Elevated homocysteine levels are associated with Alzheimer's disease and chronic illness. Test code: 706994. Purchase or learn more.

Infectious Disease Markers Associated with Alzheimer's Disease - Strong evidence indicates chronic exposure to infections that reside in brain tissue and cranial nerves may potentiate the development and progression of Alzheimer's disease. This information may help identify and reduce the threat of infection associated with Alzheimer's disease. Test code: 371182. Purchase or learn more.

Magnesium RBC (Red Blood Cell) - RBC Magnesium is the most precise blood test measuring intracellular magnesium levels. Magnesium is a critical mineral to overall health and well-being. Test Code: 080283 Purchase or learn more here.

Manganese (Blood) - This blood test used to measure Manganese levels. Manganese is a cofactor in many enzyme systems involved in blood sugar control, energy metabolism and pituitary thyroid axis hormone function. Test Code: 724195 Purchase or learn more here.

Manganese (Urine) - This urine test is used to measure Manganese levels. Manganese is a cofactor in many enzyme systems involved in blood sugar control, energy metabolism and pituitary thyroid axis hormone function.Test Code: 071597 Purchase or learn more here.

Matrix Metalloproteinase (MMP-9) - This blood test measures Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) levels. Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is one enzyme in a group of zinc enzymes that are associated with the extra cellular matrix. Recent research has demonstrated that elevated levels of MMP-9 are present in brain tissue after ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. Test code: 500124 Purchase or learn more.

Methylmalonic Acid (MMA) - Methylmalonic acid is an important component to evaluate when diagnosing vitamin B12 deficiency anemia. Methylmalonic acid levels may be elevated in those who suffer from kidney disease. Test code: 706961. Purchase or learn more.

Microalbumin (24-Hour) - A 24-hour test looks for albumin in urine, an early indicator of kidney failure. Early detection is critical in order to implement interventions that may preserve kidney function. Test code: 140050. Purchase or learn more.

Microalbumin (Random) - Using a random sample, this test looks for albumin in urine, an early indicator of kidney failure. Early detection is critical in order to implement interventions that may preserve kidney function. Microalbuminuria is most often caused by kidney damage from diabetes. Test code: 140258. Purchase or learn more. 

Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) Intact - This blood test measures Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) levels. Parathyroid hormone regulates the concentration of calcium and phosphorus in the blood and helps in the synthesis of Vitamin D. Test Code: 015610 Purchase or learn more here.

Uric Acid - Uric acid is produced as an end product of purine, nucleic acid and nucleoprotein metabolism. Elevated uric acid levels may cause gout and kidney stones if the uric acid cannot be eliminated efficiently. A decreased level of uric acid is associated with a B12 deficiency and a copper deficiency. Test code: 001057. Purchase or learn more.

Urinalysis-Complete with Microscopic Examination - A urinalysis is done to detect abnormalities in the urine and to look for and manage kidney disease, urinary tract infections (common cause of mental changes, especially in the elderly). Test code: 003772. Purchase or learn more.

Vitamin B12 - Vitamin B12 is necessary for red blood cell production and neural function. A Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause anemia, neurologic disorders and an elevation in the inflammatory marker homocysteine, which has been implicated in Alzheimer's disease. Test code: 001503. Purchase or learn more.

Vitamin B12 & Folate - This blood test measures both Vitamin B12 and Folate levels. All of the water-soluble B vitamins work as a team to help promote healthy nerves, skin, eyes, hair, liver, muscle tone and cardiovascular function. Adequate levels help to protect from the mental strain caused by depression and anxiety. Test code: 000810. Purchase or learn more.

Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) - This blood test measures Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) levels. Vitamin B6 is needed to make red blood cells and maintain a healthy immune and nervous system. Test code: 004655. Purchase or learn more. Test code: 004655. Purchase or learn more.

Vitamin C - This blood test measures Vitamin C levels. Vitamin C is a powerful water-soluble antioxidant that boosts the immune system by offering protection to proteins, carbohydrates, and helps shield DNA from free radical damage. Test Code: 001479  Purchase or more or learn more here

Vitamin D 25-Hydroxy - This blood test measures Vitamin D 25 (OH) levels. Vitamin D is needed for strong bones and teeth, Vitamin D helps your body absorb the amount of calcium and phosphorus it needs. It also has other roles in the body, including modulation of cell growth, neuromuscular and immune function, and reduction of inflammation. Test Code: 081950 Purchase or learn more here

Vitamin K1 - This blood test measures Vitamin K1 levels. Vitamin K1 is also known as phylloquinone or phytomenadione. Vitamin K1 is necessary for the production of circulating coagulation factors. Test code: 121200. Purchase or learn more.

More Resources About Kidney Health and Related Lab & Urine Tests

http://www.kidney.org/news/newsroom/newsitem.cfm?id=29

http://nkdep.nih.gov/resources/eating-right-508.pdf

http://www.kidney.org/atoz/


"Your Blood Never Lies" by James B. LaVelle, RPh, CCN

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